Konigsberg / Kaliningrad


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Kaliningrad, formerly Königsberg, city in western Russia, the capital of Kaliningrad Oblast. The population is 406,000 (1990 estimate). Kaliningrad is connected by channel with Baltiysk, an ice-free port on the Baltic Sea. A major industrial and commercial center, its manufactures include ships, machinery, chemicals, paper, and lumber. The city, founded in 1255 as a fortress by the Teutonic Knights, became a member of the Hanseatic League in 1340. Prussia gained control of the area in the 16th century. Following World War I (1914-1918) the city became the capital of the German province of East Prussia. According to the Potsdam Conference (1945) after World War II, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) annexed the city and surrounding territory. In 1946 the city's name was changed from Königsberg to Kaliningrad.

Links regarding Kaliningrad:

Kaliningrad Internet Club

InYourPocket travel guide to Kaliningrad